Diabetic vascular disease refers to the development of blockages in the blood vessels and muscular arteries or hardening of the arteries (called Atherosclerosis), caused by collection of plaque (fatty deposits of fat and cholesterol) throughout the body. Over time, these deposits result in obstructed blood flow, thus diminishing the amounts of oxygen and nutrients that reach the target organ. This plaque may also cause the formation of clots, resulting in stroke. Diabetics are more prone to hardening of the arteries, which get narrowed due to collection of plaque caused by high cholesterol levels. These can cause clots and blockages, leading to strokes and heart attack
Vascular disease most commonly affects the arteries of the heart (cardiovascular), brain (cerebrovascular) and legs (peripheral). Peripheral Artery Disease refers to the obstruction of large arteries not within the coronary vasculature or in the brain, but to atherosclerotic blockages found in the lower limbs.
Causes & Risk Factors
The causes are unknown, but several risk factors are as follows:
A vascular surgery specialist evaluates the disease on the basis of physical examination, symptoms and medical history. Some advanced tests like doppler ultrasound, CT scan, MRI and angiogram are needed. The symptoms are -
Treatment options of peripheral artery disease include: