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Thyroid Disorders

The thyroid gland secretes some hormones that regulate the body’s metabolic process, i.e. how the body breaks down food and either uses that energy immediately, or stores it for the future. These hormones travel though the blood to all tissues of the body and influence virtually every organ system in the body. They also regulate the body's consumption of oxygen and production of heat and energy, as well as the body's use of other hormones and vitamins, and the growth and maturation of body tissues. Thyroid problems, such as an overactive (Hyperthyroidism) or underactive thyroid (Hypothyroidism), thyroid nodules or cancer and goitre (due to iodine deficiency) severely affect the body’s metabolism.

Thyroid disorders increases the chances of infertility or difficulty in conception. Undiagnosed hypothyroidism during pregnancy significantly increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth or growth retardation of the foetus. It also increases the chance that the mother may experience complications of pregnancy such as anaemia, eclampsia and placental abruption. Untreated hyperthyroidism does cause foetal and maternal complications including poor weight gain and tachycardia (an abnormally fast heart rate). Besides taking proper thyroid treatment, eating a balanced diet and getting enough sleep is important. Exercising several times a week, and getting fresh air and relaxation are an integral part of thyroid treatment. Healthy living is an important part of recovery from thyroid conditions. These steps may also help to prevent future problems.

Thyroid disorders and Treatment   Thyroid Treatment   Thyroid Treatment

Risk Factors

  • Family history of Thyroid disorders
  • Family history of auto –immune disorders
  • Goitre
  • Advancing age
  • Exposure to radiation in chest, neck or head areas

Symptoms of underactive thyroid gland ( Hypothyroidism)

  • Sudden weight gain
  • Constant fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Irregular/light /heavy periods
  • Thinning hair
  • Hoarse voice
  • Intolerance to cold weather
  • Low libido
  • Dry skin

Symptoms of overactive thyroid gland (Hyperthyroidism)

  • Palpitations 
  • Heat intolerance 
  • Nervousness 
  • Insomnia
  • Light/scanty/absence of periods 
  • Trembling hands
  • Weight loss
  • Increased bowel movements

Complications

  • Problems in conceiving
  • Frequent miscarriages & other pregnancy-related complications
  • Stillbirth
  • Growth retardation of foetus
  • Increase the risk of high blood sugar, cholesterol & other metabolic disorders
It is important that timely thyroid treatment is taken to ensure the condition is brought under control before it manifests further.

 
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