The thyroid gland secretes some hormones that regulate the body’s metabolic process, i.e. how the body breaks down food and either uses that energy immediately, or stores it for the future. These hormones travel though the blood to all tissues of the body and influence virtually every organ system in the body. They also regulate the body's consumption of oxygen and production of heat and energy, as well as the body's use of other hormones and vitamins, and the growth and maturation of body tissues. Thyroid problems, such as an overactive (Hyperthyroidism) or underactive thyroid (Hypothyroidism), thyroid nodules or cancer and goitre (due to iodine deficiency) severely affect the body’s metabolism.
Thyroid disorders increases the chances of infertility or difficulty in conception. Undiagnosed hypothyroidism during pregnancy significantly increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth or growth retardation of the foetus. It also increases the chance that the mother may experience complications of pregnancy such as anaemia, eclampsia and placental abruption. Untreated hyperthyroidism does cause foetal and maternal complications including poor weight gain and tachycardia (an abnormally fast heart rate). Besides taking proper thyroid treatment, eating a balanced diet and getting enough sleep is important. Exercising several times a week, and getting fresh air and relaxation are an integral part of thyroid treatment. Healthy living is an important part of recovery from thyroid conditions. These steps may also help to prevent future problems.
Symptoms of underactive thyroid gland ( Hypothyroidism)
Symptoms of overactive thyroid gland (Hyperthyroidism)